FREQUENTLY ASKED QUERIES (FAQs)
High blood sugar results in diabetic retinopathy, a disorder in which retinal blood vessels expand and bleed.
Maintaining stable blood sugar levels can help stave off diabetic retinopathy. It will be beneficial if you adopt a healthy lifestyle and use medication to keep your high blood pressure under control.
You should get your eyes checked once a year to prevent diabetic retinopathy, which can develop even in people with managed diabetes. This will allow your doctor to start treating any retinal damage as soon as it is found.
Either non-proliferative (background) or proliferative diabetic retinopathy exists. Early-stage non-proliferative retinopathy is characterised by leakage from tiny retinal blood vessels.
Proliferative retinopathy is characterised by the aberrant growth of new blood vessels in the retina. The vitreous humour, the clear gel that fills the back of the eye in front of the retina, may also be affected by the new blood vessels when they develop or bleed into it.
Compared to the non-proliferative variant, proliferative retinopathy is far more severe and can result in complete blindness.
The best course of action is to keep your blood pressure and diabetes under control.
Your doctor may use laser photocoagulation to stop the formation of new blood vessels and trigger the regression of existing blood vessels that are leaking. A “vitrectomy” may be recommended by your doctor if blood enters the vitreous fluid.
Similar to chronic diabetes, fluctuating blood sugar levels raise the chance of developing this illness. Typically, diabetic retinopathy does not appear until a person has had diabetes for at least 10 years.
It is possible for diabetic retinopathy to develop with no symptoms at all or with very mild visual blurring. You start to experience blurry vision, blind patches, or floaters in the latter stages. However, using the premise that clear vision indicates that the retina is functioning normally is a serious mistake that simply encourages future problems.
No. Although early treatment of diabetic retinopathy can reduce its course, any visual loss is unlikely to be reversed.
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