Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD) The Leading Cause of Vision Loss in Adults



Age-related Macular Degeneration, i.e., ARMD, is the leading cause of vision loss in adults and a progressive eye condition that affects millions of people older than 50 years. It is a growing rapidly in these days and can have an impact on quality of life. There are many factors, like growing age, smoking, genetics, diet, and nutrition, that may be the cause of ARMD.

ARMD comes in the category of Retina problem. In this blog, we will cover all the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options related to ARMD.

CAUSES OF ARMD (Age-Related Macular Degeneration):

The exact cause of ARMD has not been found yet, but there are multiple factors that contribute to its development. This may include:

  • Age Factor: Growing age can be a primary risk factor for ARMD and mostly happens to individuals over the age of 50.
  • Genetics: Sometimes the risk of Age-Related Macular Degeneration increases because of family history.
  • Smoking: Smoking is a rapidly growing risk factor for Age-Related Macular Degeneration and can increase the likelihood of developing the condition.
  • Diet and Nutrition: A diet with a lower proportion of antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals may increase the risk of ARMD.
  • Sunlight Exposure: Prolonged exposure to sunlight, especially ultraviolet (UV) light, may increase the risk of ARMD.


Age-related macular degeneration is not only limited to individuals whose age is more than 50, but most often it progresses slowly and may affect the eye vision in the early stages. As the condition becomes critical, individuals may experience:

  • Blurred or distorted vision, most likely in the centre of the visual field
  • Difficulty performing tasks or while reading that require detailed vision
  • Decreasing rate of brightness or color variations
  • A huge distortive vision while recognizing faces
  • Visual hallucinations (less common in ARMD)


ARMD is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination. This may include:

  • Visual acuity test to assess central vision
  • Dilated eye exam to examine the retina and optic nerve
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT) to create detailed images of the retina
  • Fluorescein angiography to evaluate the blood vessels in the retina



There is currently no active cure for ARMD, but there are a number of treatment options available to slow its progression and manage symptoms, such as:

  • Change in lifestyle: A person faces many problems in daily life, in which he should adopt a healthy lifestyle, take a balanced diet of different types of fruits and vegetables, give up bad habits like smoking, and avoid UV light. The use of sunglasses helps to a great extent in reducing the risk of developing ARMD.
  • Anti-VEGF Therapy: Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-containing drugs are used to treat ARMD by using intravitreal injections to reduce the growth of abnormal blood vessels and leakage in the retina. Is available.
  • Photodynamic therapy (PDT): Photodynamic therapy uses a light-activated drug to selectively destroy abnormal blood vessels in the retina, thereby slowing the progression of ARMD.
  • Low vision aids: Devices such as magnifying glasses, telescopic lenses, and electronic magnifiers can help people with Age-Related Macular Degeneration get the most of their remaining vision.


Age-Related Macular degeneration, or ARMD, is a leading cause of vision loss in adults, usually over the age of 50. Although no permanent cure has been found for ARMD, early detection, assessment, and management can significantly reduce its mobility, which proves to be very effective in preserving vision. It is important to have regular eye exams and lead a healthy lifestyle to reduce the risk of ARMD and maintain good eye health, along with the treatment options needed to protect a person’s vision as they age.

If you are Varanasi and looking to get rid of the problems associated with ARMD, you can connect with Iris Eye Care Hospital. We are one of the leading eye care hospitals in Varanasi, with advanced technology and machinery. Treated more than 10,000 patients within a period of 3 years.


ARMD is a progressive eye care problem that affects the macula, which is a central part of the retina, and may lead to gradual vision loss.

Individuals who are more than 50 years old, smokers, have a family history of ARMD, or have high blood pressure or obesity are at higher risk of ARMD.

ARMD symptoms include difficulty recognizing faces, blurred or distorted central vision, decreased brightness, and a lesser intensity of colors.

To date, there is no permanent treatment for ARMD, but early detection can help slow its progression.

One should maintain a healthy lifestyle, use protective measures against UV light, and undergo regular eye exams.

Yes, it can be genetically transmitted, but with a good lifestyle and the best diet, it can be overcome in the growing stages of life.

In most cases, ARMD does not lead to total blindness, but it can cause severe vision impairment if left untreated.

Individuals with ARMD should have regular eye exams, as recommended by an eye specialist, to monitor the condition and adjust treatment as needed.

Yes, you can visit us to get treatment for ARMD. We have a skilled and experienced retina surgeon in Varanasi who uses the best practices to monitor your eye.


Hospital’s Name: Iris Eye Care Hospital Varanasi
Address: Sigra – Mahmoorganj Rd, Opposite Park No 1, Sant Raghuvar Nagar, Sigra, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221010
Contact Number: +91-8299611744; +91-9557840121
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Working Days & Hours: Mon – Sun 10:00AM – 04.00PM; Fri-Closed